The advantages of Bio Fuel
Bio fuel is a liquid derived from bio mass, especially vegetable material. The most popular forms of bio fuel are biodiesel and bioethanol. Many people consider biofuels as the perfect substitute for fossil fuels. This is because bio-fuel is more environmentally friendly when compared to fossil fuels. Recently, the popularity of bio fuel has increased.
There are three generations of bio fuel, first generation bio fuel (made from sugar, flour, oil, or animal fat), second generation (made from non-food crops), and third generation (made from algae). Looking at the huge energy needs at the moment, bio fuel is an alternative fuel that can be used later to replace fossil fuels that will soon run out.
Various Advantages of Bio Fuel
The main advantage of bio fuel compared to fossil fuels is that bio fuel is a renewable energy source that is more environmentally friendly. Bio fuel significantly reduces greenhouse gas emissions compared to fossil fuels. Some even say that bio fuel has carbon neutral properties. But this is not always true, because it takes a lot of energy to grow plants and turn them into fuel. Even so, bio-fuel remains far more environmentally friendly for than conventional fossil fuels.
The second generation of bio fuel is significantly more environmentally friendly when compared to the first. Some studies show that first generation bio fuel can reduce up to 60% of carbon emissions compared to fossil fuels. As for the second generation, it can reduce carbon emissions by 80%.
Another advantage of bio fuel is the security of its supply. Demand for petroleum is increasing every time. There are certain problems related to this in terms of geopolitics. The use of bio fuel can be ascertained by the supply because the raw material can be grown and produced domestically. In addition, bio-fuel production can also be very beneficial in many countries that depend on refined oil products.
Bio-fuel energy sources can be a potential to solve energy problems in developing countries. Because most of these countries turn to coal to spur their economic growth. Coal is the cheapest source of energy but is also the dirtiest source of energy.
By producing bio-fuel in developing countries, the level of pollution caused by coal-fired power plants can be reduced. Even so there is still a shortage of bio fuel energy. Because it uses natural ingredients, it is feared that bio-fuel production can create biodiversity problems. Besides that, bio-fuel can also cause more severe deforestation problems in developing countries because of the forests that are being opened.